In our daily lives, all of us use electronics in one way or the other. From performing kitchen chores to using it for communication purposes, it is the electronics which we are bound to keep with us. PCBs or printed circuit boards play the role of a key element in these electronics. They are used to join the electrical components together. PCBs are composed of a non-conducting material and sheets of copper connect the components present inside the product. PCBs come in several forms including single-sided, double-sided and multi-layer. Also, they can be flexible and rigid both. The applications of PCB are continually growing with the expansion of electronics in the recent years. Most of the industries require PCBs due to its functionality. These printed circuit boards can be easily identified. You can locate them as compact green chips present in the electronics. The usage of PCBs highly depends on two factors: the numerous amounts of configurations existing for PCBs different materials it is composed of. This lets PCB to serve different functions for wide range of electronics. The applications and uses of printed circuit boards are listed below. No matter the industry, printed circuit boards are used all over the world.
Have you ever wondered why your kid?s toy car moves so fast and turn only with the help of a remote control. Well that is because it has a small circuit board in it. The circuit board is the reason that the car moves in the first place. Without the circuit board the toy car would be like any other toy car that the kid can move with his hands. Kids love remote controlled toys and PCB makes it possible.
With the advancement in technology, new and approved medical equipment has been introduced in the world. From taking your Xray to checking your eyesight, all machines use several combinations of printed circuit boards. The modern technology makes use of electrical devices to treat and diagnose several diseases. These devices make use of PCBs as an integral component. Without printed circuit boards the medical equipment would not work. Medical technology, as it is complicated and sophisticated, the PCBs used are made highly specialised so that they work well with the devices. The medical PCBs are usually HDI PCBs as they tend to be highly specific with greater densities and there is an interconnection between PCBS. The base materials used in the medicinal industry are usually elastic in nature so that they can bend easily when used in either internal or external devices. The PCB suppliers make sure that the material they provide to healthcare industry is reliable enough and could be used repeatedly. Some of the basic medical applications of PCB in the medical industry are monitors, control devices, scientific instruments and scanning technology.
Consumer electronics is what we use in everyday routine. Computers, refrigerators and mobile phones have PCBs inserted in them. In this industry too, the manufacturers need to maintain the quality of the PCBs. This is to ensure that the PCBs function appropriately and does not disappoint the consumers. The high-volume PCBs tend to have relatively low costs per unit, which keeps the overall price of the product low.Also, the number of PCBs manufactured must be same in quantity due to the rapid increase in the production of consumer electronics. Some other examples where PCBS are used in consumer electronics include home appliances, such as microwaves, coffee makers and clocks. They also serve as entertainment for you including DVD players. Microphones, laptops, desktops and digital cameras are some other electronics which make use of the PCBs.
Industries have a comparatively tough environment as compared to the rest of the production sites where PCBs are installed. To cope up with such harsh conditions, PCBs are supposed to be made in a way that they fit in easily. For this reason, thick copper PCBs are placed in the applications. This type of PCB aids applications with high current. Some examples of industrial uses of PCBs include electric drills, DC to AC power inverters, electric drills, presses and other power devices. Also, devices which can measure temperature and pressure use PCBs.
With the changing trends in technology and the modern-day requirements, the systems within the car too have upgraded. It is only a matter of time that automobiles will take the shape of unrealistic and futuristic vehicles. Even then PCB would have a great role to play. Electronics used in cars are no longer limited to the headlights or wipers; they have excelled their way through. The entire car is filled with wiring and electrical systems. The sensor applications in car make use of PCBs with higher frequencies such as the radio frequency, millimetre-wave frequencies and the microwaves. The growth in the systems has led to better driving conditions which in turn leaves pressure on the PCB manufacturers. The PCBs produced should have high frequency and better composition of materials. High quality PCBs are used to be placed in the monitoring systems within cars. Radars are cameras serve to monitor the blind spots. GPS computers are the navigation devices to help the drivers reach their destination in an unknown land. PCB based electronics are used to control music devices in the car to provide audios and videos. PCBs are used in the control systems of the car as well to monitor resources for power supplying, regulating fuel, and managing engines. The standard of the PCBs as well as the quality and material should be maintained to be a part of automotive application. The PCBs should not be rigid as they are supposed to bear large amounts of vibrations. They must be of high frequency, should not weigh much and be small in size.
It is amazing how something as small as a printed circuit board can make an airplane fly. If you have ever had the opportunity to see the cockpit of the plane then you know that the dashboard is full of hundreds of different buttons. All these systems are built with a collection of PCBs. PCBs used in aerospace must be light, long-lasting, flexible and small in size. Also, they must be compact and function efficiently to avoid issues in technicality. Pressure sensors and microphones are commonly used in aerospace as applications of PCBs. Other than the aircraft, PCBs are also used for testing purposes in vehicles. PCBs functions for the testing devices to obtain data throughout vibrations and flight-testing methods.
PCBs are generally recognized and known for their usefulness in many industries. Their amazing characteristics including flexibility, durability, being compact and small in size has made it applicable to be used in many electronics. With the aid of efficient manufacturers, one can easily get access to PCBs for their unique and customized products.